Until about 11,000 years ago, mammoths, giant beavers, and other massive mammals roamed North America. Many researchers have blamed their demise on incoming Paleoindians, the first Americans, who allegedly hunted them to extinction. But a new study fingers climate and environmental changes instead. The findings could have implications for conservation strategies, including controversial proposals for “rewilding” lions and elephants into North America.The idea that humans wiped out North America’s giant mammals, or megafauna, is known as the “overkill hypothesis.” First proposed by geoscientist Paul Martin more than 40 years ago, it was inspired in part by advances in radiocarbon dating, which seemed to indicate an overlap between the arrival of the first humans in North America and the demise of the great mammals. But over the years, a number of archaeologists have challenged the idea on several grounds. For example, some researchers have argued that out of 36 animals that went extinct, only two—the mammoth and the mastodon—show clear signs of having been hunted, such as cuts on their bones made by stone tools. Others have pointed to correlations between the timing of the extinctions and dramatic fluctuations in temperatures as the last ice age came to a halting close.To get a higher resolution picture of what may have happened, archaeologists Matthew Boulanger and R. Lee Lyman of the University of Missouri, Columbia, decided to look at a region that had not been well studied in the past: the northeast of North America, including the states of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Maine, and the Canadian province of Ontario. “This is a region that has been virtually absent from discussions” about megafaunal extinctions, Boulanger says, which have mostly focused on the Great Plains and the American Southwest. “Yet it is also a region with an incredibly rich record” of prehistoric animal remains. For example, the bones of at least 140 mastodons and 18 mammoths have been found in New York state alone.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Boulanger and Lyman compiled databases of radiocarbon dates from both megafaunal finds and Paleoindian sites for the northeast, throwing out any dates whose reliability had been or could be questioned. This gave a final sample of 57 megafauna dates from 47 different sites and 25 Paleoindian dates from 22 sites. When the two databases were compared, it became clear that most of the megafauna had already disappeared before humans came on the scene—suggesting that the humans had little to do with their demise.The radiocarbon dates also suggest that northeastern megafauna underwent two major declines before finally going extinct. The first was 14,100 years ago, before any humans were in the region, but the number of animals then recovered after about 500 years; the second and final population crash began 12,700 years ago, when Paleoindians had just arrived in the region, according to the archaeological record. Moreover, the team reports in the 1 February issue of Quaternary Science Reviews, even though humans and megafauna continued to coexist for about 1000 years before the animals finally went extinct, the animals were already on their way out: Between 75% and 90% of the northeastern megafauna were gone before humans ever came on the scene. Yet even during the millennium of human and animal overlap, the team argues, there is no evidence for hunting: Neither megafaunal nor Paleoindian sites in the northeast contained animal bones that were butchered or otherwise modified.The authors stress that their results can be directly applied only to northeastern North America, and not to other regions such as the Great Plains and Southwest. Nevertheless, given the large amount of megafauna in the northeast, and the lack of evidence for human involvement in their demise, they argue that overkill cannot have been the only or even the major factor for continent-wide extinctions: Climate and environmental stresses must have also played a key role. The timing of the second megafaunal crash, 12,700 years ago, corresponds with the beginning of a major, 1300-year-long cold snap called the Younger Dryas, which was followed by the warming trend (called the Holocene) we still live in today.The new work bolsters the views of many researchers that “the arguments and evidence are stronger for environmental and climatic explanations,” says Lisa Nagaoka, a zooarchaeologist at the University of North Texas, Denton. By the time humans arrived, she says, the “tipping point” toward megafaunal extinctions may already have been reached.And although these events occurred thousands of years ago, Lyman says that they have important implications today. Recently, a number of conservationists have begun advocating the “rewilding” of North America by reintroducing species such as elephants—which are closely related to extinct animals like mastodons and mammoths—and African lions, which are related to the extinct American lion.This idea has received increasing attention in both the scientific literature and the popular media. For example, rewilding proponents advocate introducing elephants and Bactrian camels—which are now close to extinction in the Gobi Desert—onto the continent, with the idea that they would eat woody plants and weeds that threaten grasslands in the western United States, and that a new habitat would help protect them from extinction. But some researchers have argued that these proposals are based on faulty ecological logic and could end up hurting ecosystems rather than helping them, as well as threatening existing species.And Lyman says that the strategy is based in large part on the ethical argument that because humans killed off relatives of these animals, they bear responsibility for now saving them and restoring their habitats. “The overkill hypothesis is a very weak foundation for rewilding.”Meanwhile, advocates of the overkill hypothesis remain unconvinced by the new study. “The authors have engaged in an exercise in data analysis that neither proves nor disproves overkill,” says Gary Haynes, an archaeologist at the University of Nevada, Reno. Humans may have come into the northeast earlier than the radiocarbon database indicates, but their remains may not yet have been found, he says. Todd Surovell, an archaeologist at the University of Wyoming in Laramie, insists that the new study is entirely consistent with the view that humans dealt the final blow to the great beasts of North America: “The fundamental question is whether these animals would have suffered extinction if humans had not arrived.”
The Jammu and Kashmir administration has opened channels of communication with 32 detained political prisoners of the regional parties, but put riders on their release. Meanwhile, two leaders, Jammu and Kashmir People Democratic Front’s Hakeem Yaseen and Peoples Democratic Party’s (PDP) Mohammad Ashraf Mir, were released on Monday, indicating a move to release the leaders in a phased manner.In the past 10 days, a Sub-Divisional Magistrate (SDM)-level officer visited senior leaders of the National Conference (NC), the PDP, the Peoples Conference (PC) and the J&K Peoples Movement (J&KPM) more than three times and discussed ways and means to ensure their release.Reject conditionThe officer, sources said, “insisted on abiding by the administration’s suggestion to sign bonds in lieu of their release.”Senior officials confirmed to The Hindu that NC’s top leader Ali Muhammad Sagar, a former legislator and minister; PDP’s Naeem Akhar, a former legislator and minister; PC chief Sajad Lone, a former legislator and minister, and J&K PM chief Shah Faesal, an IAS topper who quit his job join politics earlier this year, “have repeatedly refused to sign a bond for their release.”Mr. Sagar and Mr. Akhtar, sources said, told the government point man that such bonds were aimed at “curtailing the rightful political space of regional players, discredit the local leadership in front of the eyes of the locals and were being publicised later only to add to the political vacuum post August 5.”All these leaders were detained and taken into preventive detention on August 5 under Section 107, Section 109 and Section 117 of the Cr.PC. The bonds, which the leaders were being asked to sign, reads: “He/she will not make any comment or issue statement or make public speeches or participate in the public assembly related to recent events…for a period of one year from the date of signature of the bond.”Some headwayThe move by the authorities to release NC leader Mubarak Gul for a night on Saturday on parole to meet his ailing sister has failed to break the ice with the regional leaders, “who have put up a joint front inside the sub-jail of MLA Hostel in Srinagar.” However, sources said Mr. Lone’s plea to meet his mother was turned down by the authorities. Meanwhile, Mr. Yaseen and Mr. Mir’s release is a signal that the officials negotiating have been able to make some headway. A close relative of a senior NC leader said the government is not following legal procedure related to preventive detentions. “To prolong detentions under Section 107, a preventive custody, these are supposed to be proven with witnesses and evidences, which has not taken place in most of these cases,” he said. However, officials insisted that such bonds were “a legal requirement to secure releases in such cases.”
LOUISVILLE, Ky. — Muhammad Ali won another round of love and appreciation for his achievements as a fighter in and out of the ring. He even got the hardware to prove it.The latest celebration of the three-time world heavyweight champion and self-proclaimed “Greatest Of All Time” featured former champions and Larry Holmes and George Foreman, two notable opponents who gladly came to honor Ali as Sports Illustrated named its Sportsman Legacy Award after him Oct. 1 in his Kentucky hometown.Friends, associates, dignitaries and former NBA star Shaquille O’Neal also were on hand for the ceremony on the 40th anniversary of Ali’s third fight with Joe Frazier in the Philippines, an epic 14-round battle known as the “Thrilla in Manila.”Ali earned his second victory over Frazier when the former champion didn’t come out for the final round, and that fight is considered one of the greatest events in boxing and sports.The 73-year-old Ali is battling Parkinson’s disease. Seated at a front table with wife Lonnie to his right, the champion wore sunglasses as a slide show of iconic photos played behind him.He did not speak and photos initially weren’t permitted during a ceremony in which he received a silver award plate from the magazine to a standing ovation.The champ broke a big smile when O’Neal arrived and playfully took Lonnie’s place at the table.Said Lonnie before a packed room, “thank you for loving Muhammad as much as you have and that you still do.”Ali’s presence was one of a few yearly visits home, as he spends most of his time in Arizona along with homes in several states.Ali’s victory and other notable moments were highlighted on a backdrop of two dozen Sports Illustrated magazine covers at different points of his three-decade career as a fighter and half-century as a humanitarian. He has appeared on 39 covers overall.This week’s issue features a cover of Ali as a young fighter. Other notable moments were featured in a video montage in which he described himself as “The Greatest.”One SI cover included Ali and Foreman, who has come to grips with being a footnote in Ali’s legacy after his 1974 title loss in the “Rumble In The Jungle” in Zaire.So much so that a trim-looking Foreman praised his onetime rival and added, “this is the greatest man I’ve ever met in my life. I get excited and my heart beats (fast) every time I meet him.”Those tributes have been standard for Ali thanks to a career that included winning an Olympic gold medal and speaking out on many social, athletic and humanitarian issues. Fittingly, he was honored in the center bearing his name and just four miles from his childhood home.Wherever Ali is recognized, Holmes wants to be there. “I hope we can do this next year and the year after that,” said Holmes, a onetime sparring partner who beat Ali in 1978. (GARY B. GRAVES, AP Sports Writer) TweetPinShare0 Shares
Kolkata, Nov 22 (PTI) The de-recognised Archery Association of India on Thursday got a big boost, inking a three-year sponsorship deal with NTPC Limited, which will have the title rights for all national tournaments. The partnership comes just a month before the elections of the national federation which has been suspended since 2012 for violation of sports code. The NTPC will also have exclusive right to provide kits and apparels to Indian archery team for international participation. “The ties will certainly strengthen archery in the country and will help India become a strong and vibrant archery nation in the world,” administrator of the AAI and former chief election commissioner S Y Quraishi said in a statement. “This partnership with AAI will go a long way in nurturing the potential of hidden talents in archery,” NTPC executive director M S D Bhattamishra said. This partnership is the biggest ever of its kind in Indian archery and from now all the national championships and national ranking tournaments will be named after NTPC for a period of three years, it added. The AAI will annually host National Archery Championships in four age groups — senior, junior, sub-junior and U-14, four National Ranking Archery Tournaments plus one final in senior, junior and sub-junior categories, instituting prize money to archers and coaches. PTI TAP AH
Bilateral trade between Jamaica and the People’s Republic of China increased from US$58 million in 2000, to US$382 million in 2017.This, according to Commercial Counsellor, Economic and Commercial Counsellor’s Office, Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in Jamaica, Jianghong Fan.He notes that Jamaica remains his country’s largest trading partner in the English-speaking Caribbean.Mr. Fan points out that besides alumina, Jamaica will shortly commence lobster exportation to China, whole adding that his country is the third largest source of local imports.He was speaking at the recent launch of Chinese heavy-duty truck manufacturer Shacman’s operations in Jamaica, at the Spanish Court Hotel, New Kingston.Meanwhile, Mr. Fan said China is now the biggest source of foreign direct investments for Jamaica.This, he noted, is evidenced by the many projects that have been completed or are under way involving about 16 Chinese entities, whose activities have generated nearly 10,000 new jobs.Notable among these, Mr. Fan said, is Jiuquan Iron and Steel (Group) Company Limited (JISCO), which operates the Alpart alumina refinery in Nain, St. Elizabeth.The entity plans to invest approximately US$6 billion to expand Alpart’s facilities and production capacity, and to develop the Jamaica-Gansu Industrial Park and Special Economic Zone (SEZ).This facility is deemed pivotal to the Government’s Logistics Hub Initiative (LHI), development of which is being spearheaded by the Jamaica Special Economic Zone Authority (JSEZA).The LHI aims to position Jamaica as the fourth node in the global supply chain. The other facilities are located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Rotterdam, Netherlands; and Singapore.The Jamaica-Gansu SEZ is one of a number that JSEZA Chief Executive Officer, Dr. Eric Deans, says the Authority is developing in 10 parishes.It is also one of the three largest, the others being the Caymanas and Vernamfield Aerotropolis SEZs in St. Catherine and Clarendon, respectively.Mr. Fan said the projects being pursued by JISCO, coupled with infrastructure/road developments undertaken and being implemented by China Harbour Engineering Company Limited (CHEC), “are generating economic growth for Jamaica”.Meanwhile, Mr. Fan said Jamaican products are expected to figure at the China International Import Expo, which is slated for November 5 to 10, 2018 at the National Exhibition and Convention Centre in Shanghai.He said the expo is an annual event “where fine Jamaican brands, including Blue Mountain Coffee and Reggae music, will find a ready market”.Mr. Fan said the launch of Shacman Jamaica Limited represents further expansion of the bilateral relations Jamaica and China share.Its establishment results from a partnership forged between Jamaican firm, Tank-Weld Group, and Shacman, a State-owned entity.Under the collaboration, Tank-Weld Group, the largest supplier of building materials locally, will through its subsidiary, Tank-Weld Equipment, be the sole dealer for Shacman trucks in Jamaica.Shacman Jamaica’s operations will be facilitated through Tank Weld’s recently transformed purpose-built regional maintenance facility at Ferry, St. Catherine.The partnership also involves JN Bank, which will facilitate commercial loans for persons purchasing the trucks, and is expected to go a far way in providing reliable units for local haulage contractors requiring heavy-duty vehicles.Mr. Fan said the Chinese Government “attaches great importance” to its ties with Jamaica, and will work with its local counterparts to promote the “sustained and in-depth growth of our friendly partnership for common development”.He anticipates that this will “deliver real benefits to our two countries and people”, and adds that the Tank Weld-Shacman partnership “will strongly prove this”.Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries Minister, Hon, Audley Shaw, who also spoke at the launch, said China’s engagements in Jamaica are welcomed, and asked Mr. Fan to convey to his Government “the high appreciation and regard that the Government and people of Jamaica have for China for this expanding relationship that we have”.
zoom GDF SUEZ announced that it has signed a 15-year BOOT (Build, Own, Operate and Transfer) contract with Gas Sayago S.A. for LNG storage and regasification services in Uruguay.Commercial operation of the new terminal is expected in 2015. Located in the Punta Sayago area, close to Montevideo, the offshore terminal, GNL del Plata, will comprise a Floating Storage and Regasification Unit (FSRU) and a jetty, protected by a 1.5 km breakwater. The entire capacity of the terminal, which will be capable of receiving LNG carriers up to 218,000m3, will be reserved by the off-taker Gas Sayago.Development of LNG regasification capacity forms part of Uruguay’s Energy Policy 2005-2030 and has been identified as a priorty by the Government. GNL del Plata is one of Uruguay’s most important infrastructure projects and will contribute positively to a significant change in the country’s energy mix by providing an additional clean fuel source with access to international markets. The project will also reduce the proportion of imported oil in the country’s energy supply.The LNG terminal will have a long-term storage capacity of 263,000 m3 and regasification capacity of 10 Msm3/day, expandable to 15 Msm3/day. The Shuttle Regasification Vessel GDF SUEZ Neptune will be used as a bridge solution before the delivery of the new-built FSRU contracted to Mitsui O.S.K. Lines. Tractebel Engineering will act as owner engineer during the construction phase.Gérard Mestrallet, Chairman and CEO of GDF SUEZ, commented: “GNL del Plata marks our entry into the Uruguayan market and further expands our presence in Latin America, which is a key growth region for our Group. LNG demand in the region is expected to more than double within the next 10 years and this terminal will allow us to support the development of the LNG industry and to strengthen our global LNG footprint and experience.”GDF SUEZ is an experienced international operator of LNG facilities in South America. Since 2010, GDF SUEZ has been operating the GNL Mejillones plant in Chile, an LNG regasification terminal able to deliver up to 5 million m³ of natural gas per day to power generators to meet copper mining and industry demand. My location Print Close GDF SUEZ, October 2, 2013 此页面无法正确加载 Google 地图。您是否拥有此网站？确定
The province is asking Nova Scotians for input into energy and greenhouse-gas reduction policies. Energy Minister Bill Dooks announced today, Oct. 22, that his department is updating its 2001 Energy Strategy and also creating a new Climate Change Action Plan. “We’re committed to growing our economy and cutting emissions at the same time,” said Mr. Dooks. “To get there, we need a plan grounded in reality –- to create real opportunities for Nova Scotians and to make the changes we need to thrive, both now and in the future. That plan must involve input from Nova Scotians.” The province has created two documents, entitled “Consultation Paper: Nova Scotia’s Renewed Energy Strategy” and “A Background Paper to Guide Nova Scotia’s Climate Change Action Plan,” to help inform public discussion. The first deals with broad energy policy and the second mostly with climate change –- especially action to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions. The information gathered through written submission and public consultation supported by these two documents will be used to create the Energy Strategy and the Climate Action Plan. Consultation on both is scheduled for this fall, with release dates scheduled for spring 2008. “Both plans will share the same goal — to meet the 2020 deadline for cutting our greenhouse-gas emissions to 10 per cent below 1990 levels, while continuing to see our economy grow,” said Mr. Dooks. “Our province’s homegrown energy resources will play a major role in meeting these goals, from wind to natural gas to tidal. But, our greatest resource will be the creativity and determination of Nova Scotians.” The consultation and background documents are available on-line at: www.gov.ns.ca/energy/energystrategy or by calling 902-424-8090. Reference copies will be mailed shortly to Nova Scotia libraries. Submissions can be made electronically to: firstname.lastname@example.org (for the Energy Strategy), email@example.com (for the Climate Change Action Plan). Submissions can be made in writing to: Department of Energy, Energy Strategy/Climate Change Action Plan, 400-5151 George St., P.O. Box 2664, Halifax, N.S., B3J 3P7. The deadline for written submissions is Dec. 12. Please check the website in the coming weeks for consultation dates and locations.
Grammy Award-winning artist Lil Wayne is urging support for an Indiegogo funding effort to expand The Motivational Edge, a highly successful after school program, nationally.Video: Lil Wayne and The Motivational Edge“I grew up in a neighborhood in New Orleans, in a neighborhood called Hollygrove where I didn’t have a lot and a lot of the people there didn’t have a lot, but what I did have was education and music.” he said. “Then I finally learned that I wouldn’t get out of anything without education. [I] personally donated to this cause and now we need your help.”The Motivational Edge, a Miami-based non-profit organization dedicated to inspiring youth towards academic achievement, has launched a fund-raising campaign on Indiegogo.com aimed at expanding the program into Phoenix, Arizona and nationally. With a target-funding goal of $200,000, Lil Wayne and The Motivational Edge hope to bring more of the organization’s successful programs to youth across the country. With a Dec. 20 funding deadline and $56,000 raised, Motivational Edge needs more support. To donate, click here.Motivational Edge Founder and CEO Ian Welsch founded the organization to help youngsters succeed through art, music and other educational courses with his innovative program that’s proven its success in the Miami area.“I started The Motivational Edge at the same time I was teaching in the classroom because I saw a dire need for more creative, more artistic more expression-based programs for inner city youth that they weren’t getting in the school system,” Welsch said.He also said, “We really attack the problem at The Motivational Edge and solve the issues. We give kids constructive ways to spend their time.”Those contributing to the campaign will receive a commensurate contribution or “perk” beginning with as little as a $5 donation. Each perk has been carefully curated by Lil Wayne himself and includes:• Artwork created by The Motivational Edge students• Limited edition lithographs signed by Lil Wayne• A personal thank you on Facebook from Lil Wayne• The opportunity to have a track featured on YoungMoney.com• Skateboarding lessons from the Trufit Skate Team in Miami• And, more perks to be revealed throughout the campaign to continue to drive donations to the cause
The European Union and UNICEF have launched a campaign to highlight the situation of millions of children around the world affected by disasters, catastrophes and conflicts – by giving some of these boys and girls the opportunity to tell their stories.Video: Join Ewan McGregor: Lend your voice to children UNICEF Ambassador Ewan McGregor is supporting the “Voices of Children in Emergencies” campaign, appearing in a new video together with a child refugee from Syria.“There are millions of children throughout the world who are stuck in dire situations that they didn’t create and can’t control,” said UNICEF Ambassador Ewan McGregor. “Today, I am honoured to lend my voice to these children. All children, everywhere, have the right to a voice on matters that affect them.”Children are always the most vulnerable in humanitarian crises, and most at risk of disease, malnutrition, exploitation and abuse. Many have their education interrupted and experience severe psychological distress. These effects have long-term consequences in their lives and in their communities. “Together, the European Union and UNICEF are helping millions of children affected by emergencies every year. We ensure that urgently needed aid reaches them. We deliver hope. But we can only do so if the fears and concerns, brave struggles, dreams and aspirations of these girls and boys are heard. Let’s all help them raise their voices!” said Kristalina Georgieva, EU Commissioner for International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response.Other UNICEF Ambassadors and supporters participating in the initiative will be football player Robert Lewandowski (Poland), basketball players Pau Gasol (Spain) and Bostjan Nachbar (Slovenia), as well as actress Evanna Lynch (Ireland), actor Imanol Arias (Spain), journalist Pavlos Tsimas (Greece), journalist and writer Roberto Cotroneo (Italy) and TV presenter and actress Gaia Amaral (Italy).“Some of the stories of children in emergencies make headlines, but most are never heard,” said UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake. “The ‘Voices of Children in Emergencies’ campaign lets children living through natural disasters, conflict and political upheaval tell their own stories – as only they can.” Advertising agency JWT Spain has generously lent their time in the development of the campaign.Music artist Irma has lent her voice to the campaign through her track ‘Hear Me Out’.
Medininagar: BJP president Amit on Saturday said that Article 370 will be withdrawn from Jammu and Kashmir, if the saffron party is voted to power again. “We will remove Article 370 if you make Narendra Modi the prime minister again,” Shah said at a public rally here in Palamau district in Jharkhand. Shah said during the Congress-led UPA government, terror groups from Pakistan used to target India continuously. Jawans were beheaded by terrorists also, he said. Also Read – India gets first tranche of Swiss account details under automatic exchange framework “We cannot compromise with the security of the nation. Pakistan wants to separate Kashmir from India. We will not allow it. “Pakistan se goli aayegi to yahan se gola jayaga (if a bullet comes here, a shell lands there),” the BJP president said. Launching a scathing attack on National conference leader Omar Abdullah for his remarks on having a separate prime minster for Kashmir, the BJP president said Kashmir is an inseparable part of India. Also Read – Trio win Nobel Medicine Prize for work on cells, oxygen “Should there be two prime ministers for one country?” Shah asked the people. The BJP has given the nation Modi as prime minister and the security of the country has been strengthened ever since, he said. “When the nation rejoiced with sweets following the February 26 Balakot air strike, a pall of gloom descended on the Congress and Pakistan,” Shah said. He ridiculed Congress leader Sam Pitroda for saying that “some boys” had committed mistake and dropped bombs, and there should be talks.
SAN FRANCISCO — Pacific Gas & Electric Co. will be back in a U.S. courtroom a day after declaring bankruptcy, as it tries to convince a judge not to order dramatic steps to try to prevent its equipment from causing more wildfires.U.S. Judge William Alsup is scheduled to hear arguments Wednesday on his proposal earlier this month that the nation’s largest utility remove or trim all trees that could fall onto its power lines in high-wind conditions and shut off power at certain times regardless of the inconvenience to customers or loss of profit.Alsup is overseeing a criminal conviction against PG&E on pipeline safety charges stemming from a deadly gas line explosion in the San Francisco Bay Area in 2010. The measures the judge has proposed would be part of the utility’s probation.Alsup said his goal was to prevent PG&E equipment from causing any wildfires during the 2019 fire season. PG&E shot back in a court filing last week that the judge’s proposals would endanger lives and could cost as much as $150 billion to implement. They would also interfere with the work of federal and state regulators, PG&E said.Wildfire damage has become a multibillion-dollar liability for the utility. The company filed for bankruptcy Tuesday in the face of hundreds of lawsuits from victims of wildfires in 2017 and 2018, including the nation’s deadliest wildfire in a century.That blaze in November killed at least 86 people and destroyed 15,000 homes in and around the Northern California town of Paradise. The cause is still under investigation, but suspicion fell on PG&E after it reported power line problems nearby around the time the fire broke out.Alsup noted that state fire investigators have determined PG&E caused eighteen wildfires in 2017, twelve of which they referred for possible criminal prosecution. Last week, however, state investigators determined that the company’s equipment was not to blame for a 2017 fire that killed 22 people and destroyed more than 5,600 buildings in Northern California wine country. That finding spared PG&E from billions in liability.Bankruptcy may not spare PG&E from carrying out any orders issued by Alsup. Filing for bankruptcy does not generally put criminal proceedings on hold, said Jared Ellias, a bankruptcy attorney who now teaches at the University of California, Hastings College of the Law. But he said the bankruptcy case and the criminal matter before Alsup would overlap a great deal, so it would be “hard to imagine both going forward, as the judges could enter conflicting orders.”The Chapter 11 filing allows PG&E to continue operating while it puts its books in order. It could lead to higher bills for customers and reduce the size of any payouts to fire victims by consolidating all their cases in bankruptcy court.PG&E said the bankruptcy will allow for an “orderly, fair and expeditious resolution” of wildfire claims.“Throughout this process, we are fully committed to enhancing our wildfire safety efforts, as well as helping restoration and rebuilding efforts across the communities impacted by the devastating Northern California wildfires,” interim CEO John R. Simon said in a statement.Jeffrey Hammond said he is now pessimistic that he will collect any money from the lawsuit he filed against the company for the loss of his Napa County home in a 2017 wildfire. Investigators say the blaze started when an oak tree fell onto a PG&E power line.“I’m 76, going to be 77 soon,” he said. “And this will take years to sort out.”___Bussewitz contributed from New York.Sudhin Thanawala, The Associated Press
Tomás Ojea Quintana, Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, had stated prior to his 15-19 February visit that the elections should be fair and transparent, that freedom of speech, movement and association should be guaranteed in the country, and that all prisoners of conscience should be released before the polls so they can be as inclusive as possible. “Without full participation, including by the some 2,100 prisoners of conscience, and an environment that allows people and parties to engage in the range of electoral activities, the elections cannot be credible,” he said today, as he presented his report to the 47-member Human Rights Council in Geneva.Mr. Quintana has also stated that the Government missed an opportunity to prove its commitment to holding inclusive elections by extending the house arrest of pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, effectively barring her from participating in the country’s elections. His request to meet Ms. Suu Kyi during last month’s visit was rejected. “I consider her a prisoner of conscience and reiterate my call for her release without delay,” he said today.The Special Rapporteur added that he did not come away from his most recent visit with a “clear sense of progress” on the four core elements he put forward to the Government in August 2008.He had urged the Government to complete the following tasks ahead of this year’s elections: the revision of domestic laws that limit fundamental rights, the progressive release of the prisoners of conscience still in detention, the reform and training of the military so that it conforms with human rights, and changes to the judiciary so that it is fully independent.“The same large number of prisoners of conscience is to be found in prisons across the country, while new arrests and sentences continue, though there have been some occasional releases,” said Mr. Quintana, who was given access to three prisons during the visit.Stating that the human rights challenges that the Government has to deal with are “daunting,” he stressed that accountability for past violations has to be established. “The possibility that the gross and systematic nature of the human rights violations may entail crimes against humanity must be seriously examined and addressed accordingly.“It is now the time for the Government of Myanmar to assume its responsibility to undertake steps in this direction,” said Mr. Quintana. “And it is also now for the international community to consider further steps to ensure accountability and to assist the authorities of Myanmar in fulfilling this obligation.”Mr. Quintana noted that Myanmar is at a “critical” moment in its history, with elections planned for the first time in 20 years. “The process towards the organization of elections should represent an important opportunity for the Government of Myanmar to address a range of human rights issues and to initiate the much-needed reforms towards the building of democratic institutions.“I am concerned that this opportunity is not being seized.”Last month’s visit to the country – carried out at the invitation of the Government – was Mr. Quintana’s third since being appointed to his post in May 2008. He reports to the Human Rights Council in an independent and unpaid capacity. 15 March 2010An independent United Nations human rights expert who recently visited Myanmar said today that there is no indication that the Government is willing to release political prisoners ahead of national elections scheduled for later this year.
Spokesman Fred Eckhard told reporters in New York that Mr. Annan will start his meetings in Washington, D.C., by holding discussions with members of the House of Representatives, including its Minority Leader, Richard Gephardt.Mr. Annan will then meet with the Chairman of the House International Relations Committee, Henry Hyde, and other members of that body, including the ranking minority member, Tom Lantos. “After a private lunch, the Secretary-General will meet with the editorial board of The Washington Post before going to the Senate side of the Hill, where he will meet with members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee,” Mr. Eckhard said. “These will include Chairman Jesse Helms and ranking Minority Member Joseph Biden.”According to the spokesman, the Secretary-General is also scheduled to hold discussions with Democratic Senate Leader Tom Daschle and with members of the Senate Appropriations Committee before returning to New York in the evening.
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email Growth of health care spending in Canada slowing down, report says by Steve Rennie, The Canadian Press Posted Oct 30, 2012 3:09 pm MDT OTTAWA – Growth in health-care spending is forecast to continue to slow this year, largely because of a sluggish economy and budgetary deficits, says a newly released report.The report, from the Canadian Institute for Health Information, says health-care spending is expected to increase by 3.4 per cent this year, after rising at an average of seven per cent a year during the period from 1998 to 2008.That would make 2012 the year with the lowest rate of growth since the mid-1990s.“We’re in a period of more modest economic growth times these days,” Christopher Kuchciak, CIHI’s manager of health expenditures, said in an interview.“With slower growth, as well as government budget deficits that we see across the country, the focus seems to be nowadays more on cost control and cost containment.”The report shows health-care costs have doubled in the past decade, and are expected to reach $207 billion this year — up from $200 billion last year.One of the biggest drivers of the rising costs in recent years has been the fees paid to physicians. However, the report says payments to physicians are expected to increase by 3.6 per cent this year, while hospital spending is forecast to grow by 3.1 per cent — the lowest rates of growth since the late 1990s.The growth rate for drug spending is also expected to be down from last year. The slowdown is part of a decade-long trend that’s likely a result of fewer drugs coming onto the market, blockbuster drugs coming off patent and provinces and territories putting in place generic price controls, the report says.Kuchciak said this latest slowdown in growth stands in contrast to the mid-1990s, when people worried about fewer hospital beds and staff.“There was that period in the mid-90s when we saw that cost constraint and budget deficit and cost-control measures,” he said.“It looks like we’re entering another period where money is tight and people are looking at cost-effective ways — rather than going back to the mid-90s, when there were more drastic measures taking place.”The provinces and territories are expected to spend $135 billion on health care this year. The report says spending varies across the country. Spending per person is highest in Newfoundland and Labrador and Alberta, and lowest in Quebec and British Columbia.The report notes an aging population was responsible for just 0.9 per cent of the cost increases between 2000 and 2010.“We hear a lot about this grey tsunami … that’s just going to swamp the health-care system,” Kuchciak said.“But what we’re seeing is, really, population aging is more like a glacier. It moves, but it moves slowly and the health-care system can evolve. And we do see steps being taken by those policy-makers and decision-makers to evolve and change the way they deliver health care in order to control those costs.”
She also meets regularly with community members in central Bangui, talking to local leaders and traditional chiefs to promote gender rights.UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe Gladys also worked to identify the rapist and arrest him, while also providing the girls with support for clothes and baby formula for her six-week-old baby. The young girl was able to go back to school, and she named her baby Gladys, in tribute to the UN police officer who supported her. Gladys continues to help with her school fees.UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe Earlier this year, the officer and her team went to a school – Ecole des 136 villas – in Bangui looking for a young girl who she found out from community leaders had been raped and became pregnant.“She was so very sad,” Gladys told UN News. That day would be a turning point for the young girl, for Gladys, and for hundreds of girls who attend the school.Gladys was deployed to the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) eight month ago as a gender officer.UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe By meeting with community members, Gladys learned about a 13-year-old girl who was raped and became pregnant as a result. Gladys supported the girl and her 25-year-old mother, by sending her to the non-governmental organization Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), or Doctors Without Borders, for medical aid.UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe In addition to her regular duties, Gladys and her UNPOL colleagues provide classes at a local school, Ecole des 136 villas, on sexual education and preventing gender-based violence. The students are from the last elementary class (CM2) at the school, which has over 2,700 students.UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe Every day, Gladys collaborates with the national police in the capital, Bangui, at the police station for the First District. She monitors the work of the national police, ensuring that the basic human rights of detainees are respected, and that international professional standards are met.UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe VIDEO: UN police officer Gladys Ngwepekeum Nkeh speaks about her efforts to help women and girls in the Central African Republic.
DOWNLOAD1. EP Environment Committee rejects proposal on new emissions testing standards2. ACEA – Passenger car registrations +13.7%3. Juncker says EU wants to fin ‘fair deal’ for UK4. EU strikes deal on strict new data protection reform5. Eurozone growth ‘slows’ in December6. Week aheadClick to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)
Brock students and employees will come together Sunday, Sept. 16 for the annual St. Catharines Terry Fox Run — but additional support for the team is still needed.Members of the Brock community are asked to come out and run, walk, bike or rollerblade at Lakeside Park to raise money for cancer research.Over the past three years, teams from Brock have raised more than $2,000 for the Terry Fox Foundation.Money raised through the event supports the Terry Fox Research Institute, which funds vital cancer research, including work being done at Brock.To share word of the research taking place on campus, Brock researchers and senior administration will speak at the various Terry Fox Runs taking place across Niagara Sunday.Those interested in joining Brock’s Terry Fox Run team are invited to sign up and donate on the Terry Fox Foundation’s website.Registration for the St. Catharines Terry Fox Run will begin at 9 a.m. with the run getting underway at 10 a.m.
The 2015 SME Annual Conference & Expo, CMA 117th National Western Mining Conference and Exposition was a great success with 906 exhibit booths and 7,804 attendees. So, despite the state of the industry, this was the SME’s largest Annual Conference to date. One of the major evening events was the gala dinner for the 2014 inductees to International Mining Technology Hall of Fame, held in the Brown Palace Hotel on February 16. See www.im-halloffame.comGet your nominations for 2015 in now. The shortlist will be circulated in August to the panel of judges around the world; mining professors, CEOs of engineering and consulting companies and mining company senior management – true industry peers.We hope that you will be nominating someone or some development team for the 2015 inductees and will be able to join us for the 2016 SME Annual Conference & Expo, it will focus on the Future for Mining in a Data Driven World. This conference will be held February 21-24, 2016 in Phoenix Arizona. Subject to confirmation, the International Mining Technology Hall of Fame gala dinner for the 2015 inductees will be held on the Monday evening, February 22.
Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram The Athens Medical Association (ISA) continues to issue certificates for doctors who want to practice their profession in other European countries outside of Greece. 1,018 of these documents were issued since January, marking a slight decline since 2015, when 1,521 were issued, rising from 1,380 in 2014 and 1,488 in 2013. For a sixth consecutive year, Greece has been unable to stem the flow of doctors leaving the country. Overall, between 2010 and this year, ISA has readied paperwork for more than 9,300 medical professionals looking to leave Greece, the only difference being a decline in UK’s popularity as a destination, due largely to the ‘Brexit’ referendum. In 2013 863 documents were prepared in order to be used in UK, while this year the according number has fallen to 487. Still, UK remains the preferred destination, followed by Germany (102), Cyprus (77), France (75), Switzerland (58) and Sweden (44). Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates have also had a steady presence on the list over the last few years. The majority of certificates prepared this year (719) concerned doctors who had completed their residencies but were not able to find work in Greece and are tempted by the working conditions and high salaries. Pay for doctors at Swiss hospitals start from around 6,000 euros per month, while companies in Saudi Arabia offer even better terms. This kind of brain drain has made a mark on the face of the Greek health system. Public hospitals are facing serious shortage of medical staff, lacking around 6,000 specialists. This all but ensures the collapse of the Greek National Health System (ESY) which is facing a unique situation: struggling under a lack of personnel, while the number of young unemployed doctors is on the rise.
La comète Hartley 2 explorée par la mission EpoxiLa comète Hartley 2, qui passe en ce moment près de la Terre, sera frôlée le 4 novembre prochain par la sonde Deep Impact. Une mission baptisée Epoxi (Extrasolar Planet Observation and Deep Impact Extended Investigation), dont les astronomes attendent beaucoup.C’est à 18 millions de kilomètres de la Terre que la mission Epoxi rendra visite à la comète 103P/Hartley 2, s’approchant à 700 kilomètres du bolide. Deep Impact la frôlera cinq ans après avoir rencontré Tempel 1 et découvert pour la première fois de la glace sur une comète.À lire aussiLes astronomes observent un étrange astéroïde dans le système solaire”Il y a des milliards de comètes dans le système solaire, mais ce sera seulement la cinquième fois qu’un vaisseau spatial s’approchera assez près pour photographier un noyau cométaire”, s’enthousiasme Lori Feaga, membre de l’équipe d’Epoxi. La mission aura pour visée de prendre des photos de la surface du noyau de la comète et de réaliser des mesures dans son immense chevelure verte, constituée d’atomes, de gaz et de poussières libérés du noyau cométaire, d’une longueur de plusieurs dizaines de milliers de kilomètres.Les astronomes attendent beaucoup de ces observations, qui pourraient leur permettre d’en savoir un peu plus sur la jeune Hartley 2, l’une des comètes les plus petites et les plus actives connues à ce jour.Le 20 octobre 2010 à 10:45 • Emmanuel Perrin